英语固定搭配大全2014-10-24 17:11:46

( 2人已投票,[高质量] )
分享:
31.3K

一:接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词
affordto do sth.负担得起做某事
agree to do sth.同意做某事
arrange to dosth.安排做某事
ask to do sth.要求做某事
beg to do sth.请求做某事
care to do sth.想要做某事
choose to do sth.决定做某事
decide to do sth.决定做某事
demand to do sth.要求做某事
determine to do sth.决心做某事
expect to do sth.期待做某事
fear to do sth.害怕做某事
help to do sth.帮助做某事
hope to do sth.希望做某事
learn to do sth.学习做某事
manage to do sth.设法做某事
offer to do sth.主动提出做某事
plan to do sth.计划做某事
prepare to do sth.准备做某事
pretend to do sth.假装做某事
promise to do sth.答应做某事
refuse to do sth.拒绝做某事
want to do sth.想要做某事
wish to do sth.希望做某事
注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:
aimto do sth.打算做某事
fail to do sth.未能做某事
long to do sth.渴望做某事
happen to do sth.碰巧做某事
hesitate to do sth.犹豫做某事
struggle to do sth.努力做某事

二:接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词
advisesb. to do sth.建议某人做某事
allow sb. to dosth.允许某人做某事
ask sb. to dosth.请(叫)某人做某事
bear sb. to dosth.忍受某人做某事
beg sb. to do sth.请求某人做某事
cause sb. to do sth.导致某人做某事
command sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事
drive sb. to do sth.驱使某人做某事
elect sb. to do sth.选举某人做某事
encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事
expect sb. to do sth.期望某人做某事
forbid sb. to do sth.禁止某人做某事
force sb. to do sth.强迫某人做某事
get sb. to do sth.使(要)某人做某事
hate sb. to do sth.讨厌某人做某事
help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事
intend sb. to do sth.打算要某人做某事
invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事
leave sb. to do sth.留下某人做某事
like sb. to do sth.喜欢某人做某事
mean sb. to do sth.打算要某人做某事
need sb. to do sth.需要某人做某事
oblige sb. to do sth.迫使某人做某事
order sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事
permit sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事
persuade sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事
prefer sb. to do sth.宁愿某人做某事
request sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事
remind sb. to do sth.提醒某人做某事
teach sb. to do sth.教某人做某事
tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事
train sb. to do sth.训练某人做某事
trouble sb. to do sth.麻烦某人做某事
want sb. to do sth.想要某人做某事
warn sb. to do sth.警告某人做某事
wish sb. to do sth.希望某人做某事
注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:
汉语说:“害怕某人做某事”,但英语不说fearsb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse[forgive] sb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“拒绝某人做某事”,但英语不说refusesb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“惩罚某人做某事”,但英语不说punishsb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest[propose] sb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“赞成某人做某事”,但英语不说approvesb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“通知某人做某事”,但英语不说informsb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“欢迎某人做某事”,但英语不说welcomesb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“坚持某人做某事”,但英语不说insist[persist] sb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hopesb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrangesb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demandsb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thanksb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulatesb. to dosth.。
汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说preventsb. to dosth.。
要表示以上意思,可换用其他表达:
汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成excuse[forgive] sb. for doingsth.。
汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成wishsb. to dosth.。
汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成advisesb. to dosth.。
汉语的“安排某人做某事”,英语可说成arrangefor sb. to dosth.。
汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成demandof sb. to dosth.。
汉语的“感谢某人做某事”,英语可说成thanksb. for doingsth.。
汉语的“祝贺某人做某事”,英语可说成congratulatesb. on doingsth.。
汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成preventsb. from doingsth.。


三:接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的34个常用动词
admit doing sth.承认做某事 advise doing sth.建议做某事
allow doing sth.允许做某事 appreciate doing sth.感激做某事
avoid doing sth.避免做某事 considerdoing sth.考虑做某事
delay doing sth.推迟做某事deny doingsth.否认做某事
discuss doing sth.讨论做某事dislike doing sth.不喜欢做某事
enjoy doing sth.喜爱做某事 escape doingsth.逃脱做某事
excuse doing sth.原谅做某事fancy doingsth.设想做某事
finish doing sth.完成做某事 forbiddoing sth.禁止做某事
forgive doing sth.原谅做某事give updoing sth.放弃做某事
imagine doing sth.想象做某事keep doing sth.保持做某事
mention doing sth.提及做某事mind doing sth.介意做某事
miss doing sth.错过做某事 pardon doing sth.原谅做某事
permit doing sth.允许做某事practice doing sth.练习做某事
prevent doing sth.阻止做某事prohibitdoing sth.禁止做某事
put off doing sth.推迟做某事reportdoing sth.报告做某事
risk doing sth.冒险做某事 stop doingsth.停止做某事
suggest doing sth.建议做某事understanddoing sth.理解做某事

四:接现在分词作宾补的20个常用动词
bringsb. doing sth.引起某人做某事catch sb. doing sth.碰上(撞上)某人做某事
discover sb. doing sth.发现某人做某事 feel sb.doing sth.感觉某人做某事
find sb. doingsth.碰上(撞上)某人做某事get sb.doing sth.使某人做某事
have sb. doing sth.使某人做某事hearsb. doing sth.听见某人做某事
keep sb. doingsth.使某人不停地做某事listen to sb. doing sth.听某人做某事
look at sb. doing sth.看着某人做某事notice sb. doing sth.注意到某人做某事
observe sb. doing sth.观察某人做某事 prevent sb.doing sth.阻止某人做某事
see sb. doing sth.看见某人做某事send sb.doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事
set sb. doingsth.使(引起)某人做某事 start sb. doing sth.使某人开始做某事
stop sb. doing sth.阻止某人做某事watch sb. doing sth.观


五:接动词原形作宾补的11个常用动词
feel sb. dosth.感觉某人做某事have sb. dosth.使某人做某事
hear sb. do sth.听见某人做某事let sb. dosth.让某人做某事
listen to sb. do sth.听着某人做某事look at sb. do sth.看着某人做某事
make sb. do sth.使某人做某事notice sb. dosth.注意某人做某事
observe sb. do sth.观察某人做某事see sb. dosth.看见某人做某事
watch sb. do sth.观察某人做某事
察某人做某事


六:接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词
like to do sth / like doing sth.喜欢做某事
love to do sth / love doing sth.喜欢做某事
hate to do sth / hate doing sth.憎恨做某事
prefer to do sth / prefer doingsth.宁可做某事
begin to do sth / begin doingsth.开始做某事
start to do sth / start doingsth.开始做某事
continue to do sth / continuedoing sth.继续做某事
can’t bear to do sth /can’t bear doing sth.不能忍受做某事
bother todo sth / bother doing sth.麻烦做某事
intendto do sth / intend doingsth.想要做某事
attempt to do sth / attemptdoing sth.试图做某事
cease to do sth / ceasedoing sth.停止做某事

七:接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词
(1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事 rememberdoing sth. 记住曾做过某事
(2) forget to do sth.忘记要做某事 forgetdoing sth.忘记曾做过某事
(3) regret to dosth.后悔(遗憾)要做某事regret doingsth.后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事
(4) try to do sth.设法要做某事try doingsth.做某事试试看有何效果
(5) mean to do sth.打算做某事mean doingsth.意味着做某事
(6) can’t help to do sth.不能帮助做某事can’t helpdoing sth.禁不住做某事
(7) go on to dosth.做完某事后接着做另一事go on doingsth.继续做一直在做的事
注:stop to dosth.与stop doingsth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth.中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。


八:可接双宾语的38个常用动词
(1)双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词
awardsb. sth. = award sth. to sb.颁奖给某人
bringsb. sth. = bring sth. to sb.把某物带给某人
handsb. sth. =hand sth. to sb.把某物递给某人
lendsb. sth. = lend sth. to sb.把某物借给某人
mailsb. sth. = mail sth. to sb.把某物寄给某人
offersb. sth. = offer sth. to sb.将某物给某人
owesb. sth. = owe sth. to sb.欠某人某物
pass sb.sth. = pass sth. to sb.把某物递给某人
pay sb.sth. = pay sth. to sb.付给某人某物(钱)
post sb.sth. = post sth. to sb.把某物寄给某人
read sb.sth. = read sth. to sb.把某物读给某人听
returnsb. sth. = return sth. to sb.把某物还给某人
send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb.把某物送给某人
sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb.把某物卖给某人
serve sb. sth. = serve sth. tosb.拿某物招待某人
show sb. sth. = show sth. tosb.拿某物给某人看
take sb. sth. = take sth. tosb.把某物拿给某人
teach sb. sth. = teach sth.to sb.教某人某物
tell sb. sth. = tell sth. tosb.告诉某人某情况
throw sb. sth. = throw sth.to sb.把某物扔给某人
write sb. sth. = writesth. to sb.给某人写信
(2)双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词
book sb.sth. = book sth. for sb.为某人预定某物
buy sb.sth. = buy sth. for sb.为某人买某物
choose sb.sth. = choose sth. for sb.为某人选某物
cooksb. sth. = cook sth. for sb.为某人煮某物
drawsb. sth. = draw sth. for sb.为某人画某物
fetchsb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb.为某人去取某物
find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb.为某人找到某物
fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb.为某人准备某物
get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb.为某人拿来某物
make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb.为某人做某物
order sb. sth. = order sth. forsb.为某人订购某物
pick sb. sth. = pick sth. forsb.为某人采摘某物
prepare sb. sth. = preparesth. for sb.为某人准备某物
save sb. sth. = savesth. for sb.为某人留某物
sing sb. sth. = singsth. for sb.为某人唱某物(歌)
spare sb. sth. =spare sth. for sb.为某人让出某物
steal sb. sth.= steal sth. for sb.为某人偷某物
注:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义相同,如bring,play等:
Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today’s paper to [for]me.把今天的报纸拿给我。
He played us the record hehad just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to]us.他放了他刚买的唱片给我们听。
有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,即可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义不同,如leave等:
They left me no food. = They left no food for me.他们没给我留一点食物。
My uncle left me a large fortune.= My uncle left a large fortune to me.
我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。
而有的动词后接双宾语时,既不能用介词to引出间接宾语,也不能用介词for引出间接宾语,如allow,ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive,refuse等:
He allows his son too muchmoney.他给他儿子的钱太多。
He asked me somequestions.他问了我一些问题。
This caused me muchtrouble.着给我带来了许多麻烦。
He charged me fivedollars for a cup of tea.他一杯茶向我要了5美元。
His mistake costhim his job.他的错误让他丢了工作。
I envy you yourgood luck.我羡慕你的好运。
They forgave him hisrudeness.他们原谅了他的鲁莽。
He refused hernothing.她要什么就给什么。
九:可用于“动词+sb+ofsth”的8个常见动词
accuse sb. ofsth.控告某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事
cheat sb. fosth.骗取某人某物
cure sb. of sth.治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯
inform sb. of sth.通知某人某情况(事)
remind sb. of sth.使某人想起某情况(事)
rid sb. of sth.使某人摆脱某物
rob sb. of sth.抢劫某人的某东西
warn sb. of sth.警告某人有某情况

十:可用于“动词+sb+for doingsth”的8个常见动词
blame sb. fordoing sth.指责某人做某事
criticize sb. fordoing sth.批评某人做某事
forgive sb. for doingsth.原谅某人做某事
excuse sb. for doingsth.原谅某人做某事
pardon sb. for doingsth.原谅某人做某事
punish sb. for doingsth.惩罚某人做某事
scold sb. for doing sth.指责(责备)某人做某事
thank sb. for doing sth.感谢某人做某事

十一:可用于“动词+sb+into doingsth”的9个常见动词
cheat sb. intodoing sth.欺骗某人做某事 trick sb.into doing sth.欺骗某人做某事
food sb. intodoing sth.欺骗某人做某事 force sb.into doing sth.迫使某人做某事
argue sb. intodoing sth.说服某人做某事 talk sb.into doing sth.说服某人做某事
terrify sb. intodoing sth.威胁某人做某事 frightensb. into doing sth.吓唬某人做某事
persuade sb.into doing sth.说服某人做某事


十二:容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物动词
误:deal a problem 正:dealwith a problem处理问题
误:dependsb. 正:dependon sb.依靠(依赖)某人
误:insist doingsth. 正:insist on doingsth.坚持要做某事
误:knock thedoor 正:knock on [at]the door敲门
误:operatesb. 正:operate on sb.为某人做手术
误:participatesth. 正:participatein sth.参加某事
误:refersth. 正:refer to sth.查阅(参考)某物
误:rely sb. /sth. 正:rely on sb. /sth.依靠(依赖)某人(某物
误:reply aletter 正:replyto a letter回信
注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可能及物,如insist,reply等动词后可接宾语从句,operate表示“操作”、“管理”等时则及物。

十三:容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词
误:servefor sb. 正:servesb.为某人服务
误:marry withsb. 正:marry sb.与某人结婚
误:discuss aboutsth. 正:discusssth.讨论某事
误:mention aboutsth. 正:mention sth.提到某事
误:enter into aroom 正:enter a room进入房间
误:contact withsb. 正:contact sb.与某人联系
误:equal tosth. 正:equal sth.等于某物
误:ring to sb. 正:ring sb.给某人打电话
注:有个别词在用于其他意义时,可以是不及物的,如enterinto可以表示开始进入或从事某一状态或活动,或用于较抽象的概念。如:
Thecountry entered into a state of war.这个国家进入战争状态。
I can enter into your feelings atthe loss of your father.我理解你失去父亲后的心情。
The two old men entered into along conversation.两位老人开始长谈起来。


十四:17个常用“be+形容词+about”结构
be angry about为……生气 be anxiousabout为……担忧
be carefulabout当心…… be certain about确信……
be curious about对……好奇be disappointed about对……失望
be excited about对……感到兴奋 be glad about对……感到高兴
be happy about为……感到高兴be hopeful about对……抱有希望
be mad about对……入迷 be nervous about为……感到不安
be particular about对……讲究be sadabout为……而难过
be seriousabout对……认真 be sureabout对……有把握
be worriedabout为……担忧

十五:10个常用“be+形容词+at”结构
be angry at为……生气be bad at不善于……
be clever at擅长于…… be disappointed at对……失望
beexpert at在……方面是内行be goodat善于……
be mad at对……发怒be quickat在……方面敏捷
be skilfulat在……方面熟练be slowat在……方面迟钝

十六:18个常用“be+形容词+for”结构
be anxious for渴望be badfor对……有害,对……不利
bebound for前往be celebratedfor以……出名
be convenientfor对……方便,在……附近be eager for渴望
befamous for因……闻名be fit for合适,适合
begood for对……有益(方便) be gratefulfor感谢
be hungry for渴望得到belate for迟到
be necessary for对……有必要be ready for为……准备好
be sorry for因……抱歉be suitable for对……合适(适宜)
be thankful for因……而感激be well-knownfor以……出名

十七:6个常用“be+形容词+from”结构
be absent from缺席,不在be different from与……不同
befar from离……远,远远不befree from没有,免受
be safe from没有……的危险be tiredfrom因……而疲劳

十八:13个常用“be+形容词+in”结构
be concerned in与……有关 be disappointed in对(某人)感到失望
be engaged in从事于,忙于beexperienced in在……方面有经验
beexpert in在……方面是行家be fortunatein在……方面幸运
be honest in在……方面诚实be interested in对……感兴趣
be lack in缺乏be rich in富于,在……方面富有
be skilful in擅长于be successfulin在……方面成功
be weak in在……方面不行

十九:18个常用“be+形容词+of”结构
be afraid of害怕be ashamed of为……感到羞愧
be aware of意识到,知道 be capable of能够,可以
be careful of小心,留心 be certainof确信,对……有把握
be fond of喜欢befree of没有,摆脱
be full of充满be glad of为……而高兴
be nervous of害怕beproud of为……自豪
be shortof缺乏be shy of不好意思
be sick of对……厌倦be sureof肯定,有把握
be tired of对……厌烦be worthy of只得,配得上

二十、20个常用“be+形容词+to”结构
be accustomed to习惯于 be blind to对……视而不见
be close to靠近,接近be cruelto对……残酷,对……无情
bedevoted to献身,专心于 be equal to等于,能胜任
befamiliar to为(某人)所熟悉be harmfulto对……有危害
be importantto对……重要p; be opento对……开放,易受到
be opposedto反对,不赞成 be oppositeto在……对面,和……相反
bepolite to对……有礼貌 be related to与……有关(是亲戚)
be respectful to尊敬 be rudeto对……无礼
be similar to与……相似 be trueto忠实于,信守
be used to习惯于be useful to对……有用

二十一:16个常用“be+形容词+with”结构
be angry with对(某人)生气bebored with对……厌烦
be busywith忙于be careful with小心
be concerned with关于,与……有关be contentwith以……为满足
be delightedwith对……感到高兴bedisappointed with对(某人)失望
be familiarwith熟悉,精通 be honestwith对(某人)真诚
be ill with患……病be patientwith对(某人)有耐心
be pleased with对……满意(高兴)be popular with受……欢迎
be satisfied with对……满意bestrict with对(某人)严格


二十二:24个常用“in+其他词+of”结构
in advance of在……前面in aid of帮助
in behalf of为了,为了……的利益in case of如果,万一,以防
in celebration of庆祝in chargeof负责,管理
in commemoration of纪念,庆祝indefence of保卫
in explanation of解释in faceof面对
in favour of赞成,主张in front of在……前面
in honor of纪念,祝贺,欢迎in memoryof纪念
in need of需要in place of代替
in possession of拥有in praiseof称赞
in respect of关于,就……而言in searchof寻找,搜找
in sight of看得见,在看见……的地方in spiteof虽然,尽管
in support of为了支持(拥护)…… in viewof鉴于,考虑到
注:同时注意一下相似结构:
inexchange for作为对……的交换in preparation for为……作准备
in return for作为……的报答in reward for作为……的报酬
in addition to加之,除……之外inanswer to回答,响应
in contrast to [with]与……形成对比inopposition to与……相反,反对
inreply to作为对……的回答(答复)in responseto回答,响应
in [with] reference to关于in [with] regard to关于

二十三:27个带to doingsth.的常用结构
1.动词+介词to+动名词
(1) admit to doing sth.承认做了某事
(2)apply to doing sth.适用于做某事
(3) object todoing sth.反对做某事
(4) see to doingsth.负责做某事
(5) stick to doing sth.坚持做某事
(6) take to doing sth.喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事

2.动词+宾语+介词to+动名词
(1) apply oneself to doing sth.专心致力于做某事
(2) devote sth. to doing sth.把……献给做某事
(3) devote oneself todoing sth.献身于做某事
(4) limit sth. to doingsth.把……限制在做某事的范围内
(5)reduce sb. to doing sth.使某人沦为做某事

3.动词+名词+介词to+动名词
(1) give one’s life to doing sth.献身于做某事
(2) give one’s mind to doing sth.专心做某事
(3) have a dislike to doing sth.厌恶做某事
(4) have an eye to doing sth.注意做某事
(5) have an objection to doing sth.反对(反感)做某事
(6) pay attention to doing sth.注意做某事
(7) set one’s mind to doing sth.决心做某事

4.be+形容词+介词to+动名词
(1) be equal to doing sth.等于做某事,能胜任做某事
(2) be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事
(3) be opposed to doing sth.反对做某事
(4) be reduced to doing sth.使某人沦为做某事
(5) be devoted to doing sth.把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事
(6) be limited to doingsth.把……限制在做某事的范围内

5.其他结构+介词to+动名词
(1) get down to doing sth.开始做某事,认真处理某事
(2) look forward to doingsth.盼望做某事
(3) What do you say to doingsth?你认为做某事如何?


附:听力提高的三原则:
1.词汇。不要傻乎乎的找本词汇手册就在那里背,完全脱离听力场景背单词并不可取。因为事实证明,很多人单词看到认识,但是听的时候就不知道了。这不是因为词汇量小,而是对词汇的把握没有达到一定的熟练程度!单词肯定是要背的,但是对于听力来说,可能背的单词还需用耳朵听一下。
2.坚持每天都听一定时间。听力这个东西提高很慢,但退步却很快。听一个星期可能没什么进步,但是一个星期不听却会有很大退步。这就为什么很多人如果听力不好,就一直很难提高的原因!所以每天花个1小时左右听,不仅提高听力,还会间接地提高口语的语音!
3.熟悉题型。毕竟是考试,所以熟悉题型,熟悉出题规律,当然能最大限度地发挥自身的听力能力。这方面一般报个培训班就好了。当然基础不错的同学,自学也是可以的。
总而言之,提高听力如果是为了通过考试做题的话。那么每篇至少听3遍。第一遍就是单纯地做题。第二遍是分析,不要看原文,不懂的地方多听几遍,然后再参考原文,不熟悉的词或词汇划出来背一下。第三遍是从头到尾再听一遍,捕捉更多的细节(notlimited to the questions in the test)。



原文地址:blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_641f00860100nty7.html






头像

snowcoal
  • 英语
  • 固定搭配大全

本文标签:

英语固定搭配大全

收藏到我的私密空间

标题:英语固定搭配大全

作者:小麻雀

你暂未登录,请登录后才可收藏至您的私密空间 确认取消
雪炭网

键盘操作 更便捷 -雪炭网雪中送炭-乐趣无限

如果本站的内容有幸帮助到了您,建议您了解一下当页的广告内容哦,我们的进步离不开您的支持,Thank you~